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Organization(s) sponsoring the project:
Cambodian Ministry of Planning, with support from AusAID, German Development Cooperation, Unicef
Created By:hhwang1No presence information
Published:12/18/2012 7:00 AM
Primary Contact:
Mr. Chea Chantum, Deputy Director General of Planning, Ministry of Planning and Ms Chou Putheany, Programme Manager, Ministry of Planning
Country:Cambodia
Project dates:
2005 to present
Project Stage:Ongoing activities
Geographic Coveraget:National
Interventions:Social Insurance and Income Protection
Target Population:Lowest Income; Rural; Vulnerable
Identification of Poor Household Programme (“IDPoor”)
  
Impact of project:
Impact evaluation completed
Project Description:
The identification of Poor Households Program (IDPoor) started in 2005 under the leadership of the Cambodian Ministry of Planning (with support of AusAID, the European Commission, the Federal German Government/GIZ and Unicef). The Program has developed standardized tools and procedures to identify poor households in rural areas throughout the country. Currently data on poor households and their poverty level is available for almost all rural areas from the IDPoor Database. This data can be used by policy decision-makers as well as by government institutions and non-governmental organizations that want to provide targeted services and benefits to the poor. In the near future the Ministry of Planning wants to develop a complementary tool to identify poor households in urban areas. The Ministry of Planning also aims at promoting the use of IDPoor data by improving the accessibility and different formats of data provided to service providers. This endeavor will support initiatives related to improving work opportunities.
Why this project is a Good Practice example:
This initiative will have a number of far-reaching impacts on improving job and employment opportunities in Cambodia.  Availability of standardized, comparable, up-to-date data on poor households in rural areas throughout the country, provided for free to organisations providing services to poor households.

Having a single standardized process for identifying poor households and using existing, national structures increases cost-effectiveness.

Participation of local communities, transparency of process; criteria and process of identification is known and identification and validation of the lists of poor households is community-based.

The standardized IDPoor approach enables service providers to target their support to the most vulnerable households and/or areas of the country.

“Equity Cards” are distributed to all households identified as poor and enable the members of poor households to qualify for and access a range of services provided by governmental and non-governmental organisations (free health care, public works programmes, nutrition support, scholarships for poor students).

The services provided to households identified as poor by various governmental and non-governmental organisations help poor households improve their socio-economic situation and their human capital.
Impact Evaluation:
The IDPoor process is anchored in national policies (National Social Protection Strategy) and law (sub-decree from 2011 stipulates IDPoor data as primary data to be used for targeting support to poor households and/or areas).

IDPoor data is widely used by governmental and non-governmental organisations providing services to the poor.

Service providers save money by relying on standardized national data rather than doing their own targeting.

Unified targeting mechanism reduces burden on communities.

Sustainability: The Cambodian Ministry of Planning has developed good capacity of managing the IDPoor Programme and the Cambodian Government is committed to fully financing it from its annual recurrent budget by 2015.
Lessons Learned:
Commitment of government is key, program should be anchored in national policy and law.

Using existing structures and building national capacity is key to sustainability.

Community involvement improves accuracy and acceptance of results of IDPoor process.

Continuous monitoring and adaptation of instrument and process based on feedback are necessary to ensure that data is as accurate as possible.
 
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 on  5/15/2015 10:08:35 AM  

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