Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

JOBS AND DEVELOPMENT BLOG

Read. Comment. Debate.

Jobs and Development Blog - The Jobs Knowledge Platform > Posts > Chile’s School System Feeds Income Inequality
Chile’s School System Feeds Income Inequality
April 22, 2014 | Contribution by SERGIO URZÚA

Sergio Urzúa is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at University of Maryland
 
In the 1980s, Chile's educational system underwent a major overhaul that included decentralizing administrative powers and the creation of a nationwide voucher system to promote competition. The result was three types of schools: (i) public (funded by student subsidy, administered by municipality), (ii) private voucher (funded by student subsidy and in some cases with a co-payment, administered by private sector), and (iii) private-fee-paying (funded and administered by private sector). How is this set-up working in an economy that has grown rapidly but continues to have a high level of income equality? A new study by Dante Contreras (University of Chile), Jorge Rodríguez (University of Chicago), and Sergio Urzúa (University of Maryland) – which for the first time links data on individual’s schooling achievement and adult labor market performance — suggests that the three-tiered school system, along with two major educational reforms introduced in 1996 to improve the quality of education, aren't helping to reduce income equality.
 
Colegio Municipal Marcela Paz, La Florida, Santiago de Chile
Colegio Municipal Marcela Paz, Santiago, Chile. Photo credit: Flickr @UNESCO/Carolina Jerez
  
Urzúa tells the JKP that over time there's been a sharp shift in the public-private balance. Just 10 years ago, 53 percent of students attended public schools, 39 percent voucher schools, and 8 percent private schools. But now, more students are enrolling in voucher schools than public schools, drawn by the hopes of better educational outcomes and eventually better labor market outcomes. In fact, the study shows that attending a private-voucher school during high school instead of a public one is associated with an increase of 2 to 4 percent in adult earnings, while attending a private-fee-paying high school instead of a public one is associated with a 15 percent increase in earnings. He cautions that these findings underscore the need for beefing up the quality of public schools to reduce inequality, which will entail enabling them to better compete with the voucher schools.
 

<iframe src="https://cdns.snacktools.net/tubesnack/embed_https.html?hash=tvtiqtkz&wmode=window&bgcolor=FFFFFF&t=1398176295" width="550" height="665" seamless="seamless" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" allowtransparency="true"></iframe>

Comments

Sophia Johnson says
I really enjoyed reading your article. I found this as an informative and interesting post, so I think it is very useful and knowledgeable online video downloader
 on  10/11/2018 10:31:01 AM  
gwendolyn aldo says
Just one of the benefits is that they are fluently bilingual and in the world today, this is a tremendous benefit! They also had a wonderful childhood, which of course you can't replace. https://www.assignmentdoer.co.uk/
 on  10/11/2018 8:53:00 AM  
Mike Jasson says
Chile’s youth have been expressing disappointment with the country’s education policy for a long time. 10years ago, high school seniors complained assignment service online and another wave of demonstrations swept the country in 2012. That was the same time that the Arab cause emitted.
 on  10/4/2018 7:30:43 AM  
Mike Jasson says
Chile’s youth have been expressing disappointment with the country’s education policy for a long time. 10years ago, high school seniors complained assignment service online and another wave of demonstrations swept the country in 2012. That was the same time that the Arab cause emitted.
 on  10/4/2018 7:30:26 AM  
Elizabeth David says
Education improvement is very interested in updating the school system review. Then everyone will get and improve the knowledge in the list. So, we are all trying to Do my paper for me choose a report from all the great articles and articles.
 on  9/18/2018 3:11:08 AM  
Alladi Alladi says
Education reforms are so much interested in updating school system reviews. Then everyone will get and improve knowledge on nursing assignment writing lists. So, we all trying to chosen the reports from all great posts and essays.
 on  9/4/2018 3:29:40 AM  
alex sharma says
This article was exceptionally compelling and supportive to us. free gift cards generator a debt of gratitude is in order for sharing this stunning article. free gift cards generator
 on  6/7/2018 12:10:58 PM  

Add Comment

Name *


Email *

Body *

 
 

 CATEGORIES

 
 

 AUTHORS

 
  
expand Author : Abdullah Al-Dailami ‎(1)
expand Author : Adriana Kugler ‎(2)
expand Author : Alice Githu ‎(1)
expand Author : Amadeus Kamagenge ‎(1)
expand Author : Amelie Constant ‎(1)
expand Author : Amina Semlalia ‎(1)
expand Author : Anil Swarup ‎(1)
expand Author : Arup Banerji, Asli Demirguc-Kunt, and Jaime Saavedra Chanduvi ‎(1)
expand Author : Arup Banerji, David A. Robalino ‎(1)
expand Author : Baptiste Cammareri ‎(1)
expand Author : Branka Minic ‎(1)
expand Author : Brij Kothari  ‎(1)
expand Author : Cai Fang ‎(1)
expand Author : Carmen PagÉs ‎(1)
expand Author : Charles Sabel ‎(2)
expand Author : Claudia Baddini ‎(1)
expand Author : Claudia Sepulveda ‎(7)
expand Author : Constantino Gonzalez ‎(1)
expand Author : Dala T. Korkoyah, Jr. ‎(1)
expand Author : Daniel Hamermesh ‎(1)
expand Author : David A. Robalino ‎(14)
expand Author : David A. Robalino and Mattias Lundberg ‎(1)
expand Author : David Grubb and Jochen Kluve ‎(1)
expand Author : Dennis Szeszko ‎(1)
expand Author : Dickson Malunda  ‎(1)
expand Author : Edgard Rodriguez ‎(1)
expand Author : Fernando Fabre ‎(1)
expand Author : Francois Bourguignon ‎(2)
expand Author : Gabriela Inchauste ‎(1)
expand Author : Gerardo Esquivel ‎(2)
1 - 30Next
 

 Archives

 
  
expand MonthYear : 10/1/2014 ‎(1)
expand MonthYear : 9/1/2014 ‎(1)
expand MonthYear : 7/1/2014 ‎(5)
expand MonthYear : 6/1/2014 ‎(4)
expand MonthYear : 5/1/2014 ‎(6)
1 - 5Next
 

  Tag Cloud

 
 

 WORLD BANK ON JOBS

 
Retrieving Data
 

 Recent Blog Posts

 
  
The JKP Blog Has Moved
Remittances from Qatar:&nbsp; Less-informed Families Receive Less
Jobs and the “Great Recession” – Part 2
Jobs and the “Great Recession” – Part 1
Juggling Labor, Credit, and Crops in Zambia